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Fallopian Tube Blockage is one of the major concerns for women who want to conceive a baby. Symptoms of blocked fallopian tubes include painful sex, unusual discharge from vagina, burning sensation during urination, and endometriosis. Fallopian tube blockage treatment includes Tuboplasty, IVF treatment, and Alternative Medicine.
Let’s Discuss in More Details About Blocked Fallopian Tubes Causes and Treatment:
- What Is the Fallopian Tube Used For?
- What Are the Signs and Symptoms of Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
- What are the Causes of Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
- What Treatment for Blocked Fallopian Tubes?
Fallopian tubes are an important part of a female reproductive system. These are two thin tubes which carry mature eggs from ovaries to the uterus. They are very important during the process of fertilization which takes place when eggs are traversing through fallopian tubes on their way to the uterus. When fallopian tubes are blocked, it becomes difficult for the sperms to get through the tube to fertilize an egg that has moved out from an ovary. A blocked fallopian tube does not allow sperm to pass through the fallopian tube for fertilizing the egg. (1) Around 40 percent of cases of infertility in women is caused by blocked fallopian tubes. In cases where both the tubes are blocked, couples are advised to go for IVF treatment. Fallopian Tubes are also called oviducts, salpinges or uterine tubes. However, there are both surgical and non-surgical options available to treat damaged or blocked fallopian tubes in order to get pregnant. The chances of conceiving after tubal surgery depend on the age of a woman, the health of the partner’s sperm and the amount of damage to the tubes. (2)
Blocked fallopian tubes do not often cause symptoms. However, some women report experiencing the following symptoms:
- Mild or regular pain on one side of the abdomen. This usually happens in a type of blockage called hydrosalpinx. Hydrosalpinx occurs when fluid fills and enlarges the blocked fallopian tube.
- Unusual vaginal discharge
- Pain during sexual intercourse
- Pain and burning sensation while urinating
- When a woman suffers from endometriosis, she may experience very painful and heavy periods. It also causes pelvic pain and increases the risk of blocked fallopian tubes. (3)
The causes of a blocked fallopian tube include the following:
1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a type of disease that infects the female reproductive organs. PID usually occurs when sexually transmitted bacteria spread from vagina to the uterus, fallopian tubes or ovaries. Often there are no signs or symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease, unless a woman has trouble getting pregnant or until she develops chronic pelvic pain. (4)
2. Genital Tuberculosis
Genital Tuberculosis is a medical condition where a bacterium called Mycobacterium attacks the genital tract such as the ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, vulva, urinary bladder, cervix and vagina. A person with genital tuberculosis may experience pain in the pelvic region, bleeding, irregular periods and heavy vaginal discharge. In some women, when the condition affects the fallopian tube, it may become difficult to conceive. (5)
3. Any Previous Surgery
If a patient had any previous abdominal surgery, there is a risk of postoperative adhesions, which can lead to tubal blockage. Fallopian tubes can also be blocked when adhesions are formed and the body undergoes a healing event due to previous surgery, infection, endometriosis or repeated trauma. Women, who have undergone surgery or had an infection like pelvic inflammatory disease or Chlamydia, are at an increased risk of developing adhesions that can block their fallopian tubes. (6)
Endometriosis is a disease where a tissue builds up in the fallopian tubes and causes a blockage. The tissue builds up and breaks down with the menstrual cycle and causes irritation and inflammation. The buildup tissue can prevent the eggs from getting out of the ovaries or being fertilized by sperm. These tissues can appear in the fallopian tubes, in or on the ovaries, structures that support the uterus and the lining of the pelvic cavity. Sometimes, it is found in other places like cervix, vagina, rectum, bladder, and bowel. (7)
Fibroids too can block fallopian tubes, particularly when they attach to the uterus. Women who have large fibroids are known to be less fertile as compared to women who do not have. Growth of fibroids prevents a fertilized egg attaching itself to the lining of the womb or prevents sperms from reaching the egg. Submucosal fibroid, a type of fibroid that grows on the muscle wall into the cavity of the womb may block a fallopian tube, making it harder to conceive. (8)
If the case of a blockage in one of the tubes, the doctor may prescribe some fertility drugs to increase the chances of ovulation on the side with the open tube. However, if both tubes are blocked, the following treatments are available:
Tuboplasty includes a number of surgical operations that attempt to restore patency and improve the functioning of the fallopian tubes to facilitate fertilization. Tubal infertility is a common cause of infertility. Tuboplasties are commonly performed prior to the development of effective IVF (In vitro Fertilization). There are different types of tuboplasty, which can be applied by laparoscopy that includes lysis of adhesions, salpingostomy (opening of the tube), resection and anastomosis (removing a piece of blocked tube), fimbrioplasty (repairing the fimbriated end of the tubes) and tubal reimplantation (connecting the tube to the uterus). (9)
The results of tubal surgery are inversely related to damage that exists prior to surgery. Patients with operated tubes have an increased risk of having an ectopic pregnancy.
2. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
In Vitro Fertilization is a process of fertilizing an egg with the help of sperm outside the body. IVF is a major treatment for patients with infertility problems or when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process of IVF involves monitoring a woman's ovulatory process, removing the eggs from the ovaries and letting sperms fertilize them in a fluid medium in a laboratory. The process of monitoring a woman's natural cycle to collect a selected egg for fertilization is known as natural cycle IVF. The fertilized egg is then transferred to the uterus with the intention of establishing a successful pregnancy. (10) While IVF therapy is largely used instead of tubal surgery in the treatment of infertility, the presence of hydrosalpinx is a detriment to IVF success. Prior to IVF, it has been recommended that a laparoscopic surgery should be done to either block or remove hydrosalpinges (a distally blocked fallopian tube filled with fluid).
Alternative methods such as manual physical therapy are also cited for the ability to open blocked fallopian tubes in some women. Alternative methods are more often chosen by couples who have not yet achieved pregnancy. Alternative medicine includes acupuncture, herbal therapies, and meditation in some cases.
When just one fallopian tube is blocked, getting pregnant may be a possibility with regular treatments. However, when both tubes are blocked, surgery or IVF treatment may be a good option.
The success of treatment for blocked fallopian tubes depends on the location of the blockage, the cause and the extent of scarring on the tube.
Women who have confirmed blocked tubes can contact OVO Fertility to ensure what steps they need to take to improve their fertility and fallopian tube functionality. You can call us at +917899912611.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Fallopian tube - Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Blocked Fallopian Tubes: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Medicalnewstoday.com, 12 June 2019
- ^ Blocked Fallopian Tubes: Symptoms and Treatment - Verywell Family Verywellfamily.com, 12 June 2019
- ^ Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Genital Tuberculosis in Females - NCBI Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 12 June 2019
- ^ Abdominal Surgery - Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Endometriosis - Symptoms and Causes - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ Fibroids - NHS Nhs.uk, 12 June 2019
- ^ Tuboplasty | Wikipedia En.wikipedia.org, 12 June 2019
- ^ In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) - Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 12 June 2019
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