Best IVF Doctors in India with Highest Success Rates
Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities.
Androgen tests are performed to find out the level of different androgens in human blood. It is also known as testosterone test which is the most common test recommended by a medical expert. This test is usually used to see whether a person has abnormal androgen levels or not. Androgen that includes testosterone is produced by both men and women body. Testosterone is a hormone that plays an important role in male traits and reproductive activity. Some other androgens include Dihydrotestosterone (DHT), DHEA Sulfate (DHEA-S) and Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA). The main purpose of androgen in a woman's body is to be converted into the female hormones i.e. called estrogens.
Every person must know that the normal levels of a testosterone range from about 300 to 900 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). Most of the top urologists suggest that men whose testosterone level fall within the normal range would be healthy as compared to other men. There are two principal androgens i.e. Testosterone and Androstenedione. These androgen hormones are present in men at a much higher level for traits and reproductive activity. However, the main purpose of androgen hormone in a woman’s body is to be converted into a female hormone i.e. called estrogens. Effective medical treatment for low testosterone level present in the body comes in the form of testosterone supplements. One of the most common testosterone supplements called methyltestosterone has received a positive reaction from the U.S Food and Drug Administration (FDA). However, some of the fertility experts advise doctors not to prescribe this supplement due to its speed. This is because it can lead to liver toxicity. While many doctors can now legally prescribe the supplement. Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) can help in restoring some affected functions of low testosterone levels in the body. TRT mainly have a positive impact on bone strength and hemoglobin levels in the blood.
In this article, you will find useful information about the following aspects of Androgen Hormone Testing:
Androgens are often known as “male” hormone, but these hormones are present in both males and females. Androgen hormone is an important hormone that is used for normal reproductive function, emotional well being, function and growth of lean muscles, and bone strength. In fact, it is also stated that in some cases women have more androgen levels than estrogens circulating in their body. Androgens play multiple roles in the human body. Some androgen hormone effects stimulation of the body, pubic hair growth, sexual desire, and muscle growth. In both men and women, androgens are the predecessor to estrogens. The androgen-into-estrogen action plays one of the primary roles of androgen hormones in women. However, in women, the androgen hormones are created in the adrenal glands, ovaries, and also in the fat cells.
The androgen hormones include:
One must know that testosterone test is one of the most important types of Androgen hormone test. Testosterone test i.e. Androgen hormone test is performed by a medical professional in a medical laboratory. After the test is completed, a person may feel some pain or discomfort. But relaxing the arm can help ease the pain. This medical test requires taking a blood sample of a man which involves the following steps:
Testosterone is a hormone which plays a crucial role in the functioning of a male's body. As stated, the test measures the levels of testosterone present in the human blood. Most of the testosterone hormone present in the blood is efficiently attached to proteins. Testosterone hormone that is not attached to a protein is known free testosterone. There are two main types of testosterone tests which are mentioned below:
Total testosterone: Total testosterone test is serum testosterone which is used to measure both attached and free type of testosterone level. This test measurement of testosterone is a good initial diagnostic test for patients who have doubtful infertility issues. This medical test helps in evaluation of hypogonadism. Total Testosterone test includes a free testosterone test along with protein-bound testosterone concentration.
Free testosterone: Free testosterone is another type of testosterone primarily found in men. The free testosterone test is performed to measure the level of free testosterone only. This test can give more information about certain medical conditions. A free testosterone test measures the amount of unattached, or "free," testosterone in the blood of a man or a woman. A Free Testosterone level test is most useful in case the sex hormone- binding globulin level is abnormally declined. This test is also recommended by the leading doctors or specialists in case the test result shows false low total testosterone levels. This may generally occur in older or obese patients.
Androgen hormone test is performed to check the deficiency of the level of male sex hormones primarily in men. These hormones are responsible for the induction of sexual differentiation. A testosterone level test may be used to diagnose multiple conditions such as:
A person will require to undergo androgen hormone test if he/she has symptoms of abnormal testosterone levels. However, in adult men, it is mostly recommended if they have symptoms of low testosterone levels. In the case of women, the testosterone test is suggested when they have certain specific symptoms of having high testosterone levels in the body.
Symptoms of low testosterone levels in Men
Symptoms of high testosterone levels in Women
Low sex drive
Excess body and facial hair growth
Difficulty getting an erection
Deepening of voice
Weakening of bones
Development of breast tissue
Loss of muscle mass
As compared to men, it is found that there is a surplus production of androgens in women. It is the most common cause of anovulatory infertility i.e. a woman fails to ovulate. Also, if in case a woman fails to conceive then her androgen levels will be checked to see if it is one of the prime reasons which is preventing her from getting pregnant. Androgen level tests will be checked for a woman who has begun to display masculine physical features which include increased body hair or a deepening voice. A woman can also get her androgen hormone test if her fertility doctor suspects Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) in her. Rather than women, men also need to have a testosterone level test if they have delayed in their puberty due to low symptoms of testosterone. A man will also be asked to undergo androgen test if he experiences early puberty because it may be a symptom of having a high testosterone level.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common complex endocrine genetic disorder in women. This involves the overproduction of androgens, and lead to a heterogeneous range of symptoms. PCOS also causes increased metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity. (11) A polycystic ovarian syndrome is the most common reason for having high androgen levels. PCOS can be controlled by a healthy diet and physical activities. This will often improve the fertility of the person. The fertility doctor may ask a person with PCOS to change their diet and exercise more regularly to try to decrease symptoms. (12) Losing the weight can help a woman in getting her menstrual cycle and ovulation going. A doctor can also advise the patient to take anti-androgens or medication which may help in decreasing the patient's insulin. This is because it will help a woman to improve her ovulation. The fertility doctor will try to discover and treat the primary cause of increased androgen levels. (13)
If the result of the Androgen hormone test falls within a normal reference range then there is no need for further medical intervention. In the case of increased testosterone in the blood of a person than the normal reference range, it may be due to early puberty in men, hypersexuality, infertility, presence of acne, high libido, or tumor in testes. Other than this, some of the prominent reasons for increased testosterone level can be high blood pressure, aggression, PCOS, decreased sperm count. Or if the level of testosterone is less than the normal range then it may be due to hypogonadism which means the failure of the testes and ovaries in men and women respectively. This may be caused due to testicular failure, pituitary disorders, genetic disorder, obesity, adrenal or ovarian cancer, high levels of stress, or any major surgery. However, the testosterone blood test results may vary depending on the age, gender, health history, advanced technology or latest method used for the test. (14) The levels of testosterone are mentioned in the below table:
All age groups
300 to 1,000 ng/dl
All age groups
20 to 70 ng/dl
Testosterone level test results may vary depending on the age, gender, health history, the advanced method used for performing the test successfully, and many other things such as the experience of the doctor, infrastructure of the chosen clinic. However, the medical test results may not always mean that a person has a problem. An individual can consult his/her healthcare expert about the test results. Approximate general Free Androgen Index (FAI) values usually range between 30 and 150 in men. The levels of testosterone ranging below 30 mean that the body has possible testosterone deficiency. Women usually have FAI values ranging from 7 to 10. The normal ranges of serum testosterone for adults are mentioned below.
Males: 300 to 1,000 nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL)
If the testosterone level of a male falls below 200 ng/dL then it may be diagnosed with hypogonadism. Hypogonadism is a deficiency of androgen that causes the levels of testosterone to drop in the concerned male patient. If the report includes high testosterone levels then it may mean that the respective men have a tumor in his testicles or adrenal glands. Adrenal glands help in controlling the heart rate, blood pressure, and other functions of the body efficiently. If in case the report includes low testosterone levels then it may mean that the respective individual may have a genetic or chronic disease or a problem with his pituitary gland. The pituitary gland is an important organ in the brain that helps in controlling multiple functions of the body effectively, including growth and fertility.
Females: 20 to 70 ng/dL
The hormone levels of a woman may be affected by a temporary health condition, such as pregnancy. One woman can also have results that aren't clear and need to be retested. If the report of testosterone test includes high level then it may indicate a condition i.e. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). PCOS is one of the common hormone disorders that affects women of childbearing age. It is one of the leading causes of female infertility all over the world. The high level of testosterone in a woman's body may also mean that the woman is suffering from cancer of the ovaries or adrenal glands. However, the low levels of testosterone are normal but if in case the reports indicate extremely low levels of testosterone present in the body then it may indicate Addison disease. Addison disease is a disorder of the pituitary gland.
Testosterone is the main sex hormone in men, but women also have a small amount of it in their body. It is a steroid hormone which is produced in testicles and ovaries of the men and women respectively. The adrenal glands also produce small amounts of testosterone in a human body. The testosterone is one of the main hormones that play a vital role during the puberty in boys. However, it is important to have optimal levels of testosterone throughout adulthood and even during later years of life. In adults, healthy levels of testosterone are important for general health, body composition, and sexual performance. Additionally, enhancing the level of testosterone in the patient's body can cause rapid gains in muscle mass of the body and vitality in only a few weeks. Testosterone level test plays an important role in female health and sexual well-being also. According to one of the recent medical researches, it is pretty conclusive that both male and female should ensure that they maintain a healthy level of testosterone. Here are some of the ways to increase testosterone levels naturally.
There are multiple products available for testing the level of hormone in a person at home. Most of the available products in the market test the saliva rather than the blood of a person. After taking the samples of saliva, the concerned medical professional sends those samples to an advanced medical lab comprising of required advanced technologies for testing. A person can get his/her reports within a few days or a week after the test has been done. (15)
Before relying on the results of the saliva test performed with the help of a testosterone home test kit, every person should be aware of the accuracy of salivary testing versus testosterone blood testing. Researchers have stated that testing saliva is much easier and less invasive than drawing blood from the patient. Many of the professional doctors and researchers suggest going for the saliva test in case of Androgen Hormone Testing. However, the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists still recommends blood tests for measuring the level of testosterone in the patients. This is because of the variation they see in the saliva testing as compared to the androgen hormone test. This is because of the variation they see in the results of saliva testing at home. On the other hand, some reviews conclude that saliva is more preferable because it is less stressful for the patients. One of the latest medical researches also stated that saliva is as reliable as other body fluids such as tears, urine, and sweat. The results of testosterone in saliva samples can also get affected by the way the saliva is collected and stored. (16)
Testosterone plays the main role in the facilitation of the production of sperm. It stimulates the development of secondary sexual characteristics in men that includes the growth of the hair, deepening of the voice, penis enlargement, and development of muscle. In women, the testosterone is converted to the main female sex hormone called Estradiol. The production of testosterone is high in the early morning hours i.e. from 4 am to 8 am. Its production of this hormone is low from about 4 pm to 8 pm. However, the production of testosterone is high at the age of puberty and starts declining at the age of near to 30. Most of the testosterone present in the body attaches to 2 proteins i.e. albumin and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG). Some of them are not attached to the protein which is known as free testosterone. Free testosterone and albumin-bound testosterone are also known as bioavailable testosterone. Free testosterone is the most commonly used hormone in the human body.
Testosterone is responsible for the male sex hormone. This is mainly produced by the Leydig cell that is present in the male testicles. LH hormone also helps testicles to produce testosterone. In women, the testosterone is produced in a very less amount by ovaries. Testosterone hormone is also produced by adrenal glands in both men and women. The cost of the testosterone hormone test ranges from Rs. 300 to Rs. 1300. The cost also depends on the advanced lab and professional doctor chosen for the medical test. A person must know that the cost of testosterone depends on his/her respective medical case.
Thus, Androgen hormone test which includes testosterone test helps in measuring the amount of testosterone present in the blood. A person can go for androgen hormone test if he/she has symptoms of abnormal androgen levels. A person also needs to undergo this test is also performed as per the advice of his/her fertility specialist. If in case any person wants to get more specific information related to the tests or various infertility treatment with high success rates then he/she can visit OVO fertility".com or else you can call us on +918268260808. OVO Fertility helps couples to find the most affordable and comfortable infertility treatment near their locations.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
Was this page helpful?
The information displayed on this webpage covers general information on several medical conditions, fertility treatments, IVF ICSI procedure, home remedies, and their respective treatments. The exclusive purpose of the displayed information is for the sake of general understanding and it has been collected from open sources which heavily rely on research and laboratory tests. However, the information shared here should not be considered as a medical advice or an alternative to consultation with a registered medical practitioner or licensed healthcare professional.
It is not advised to self-diagnose or treat any medical condition or disease following the information given in this article. We insist you to consult a registered practitioner and never try to replace their advice or discontinue treatment in between by relying solely on the information obtained. External links to different websites as well as videos given on the website serve the purpose of sharing knowledge only. Ovo Health being an Independent Medical Information platform is neither responsible nor guarantees the authenticity, reliability, and accuracy of these videos and websites in any way. We do not intend the information displayed here to be used for a medical emergency, if you seek medical attention for yourself (or any other person with whom you want to share the information with), we advise you to directly get in touch with the hospital or the doctor.
Find here the list of best IVF doctors in India on the basis of Ratings, Success Rate, Services offered, IVF cost packages and available Facilities.
Enter Details to Book Your FREE Consultation