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Ibuprofen medication needs to be taken in cases of dental pain, joint pain, and rheumatoid arthritis. As per the latest researches, ibuprofen affects male infertility levels with the increased usage of the medication. Compensated hypogonadism can be seen in individuals who consume ibuprofen much more than recommended.
Ibuprofen is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug often consumed by athletes, Olympians in order to relieve pain and injuries. Ibuprofen is mostly sold without a prescription and has a negative impact on the testicles of young men. Intake of ibuprofen tablet should not exceed more than 3200 mg dose a day. Ibuprofen has several uses as well as side effects too. If Ibuprofen is consumed in large quantities, it can lead to male infertility problem. Male fertility can be assessed with the help of a semen analysis report, which tests the male seminal fluid on many parameters such as sperm count, mobility, morphology, liquefaction time etc. (1)
Ibuprofen can be consumed if a person is facing some common problems like:
- Dental Pain
- Joint pain
- Menstrual Cramps
- Inflammatory disease in children and young adults
- Muscles Aches
- Rheumatoid Arthritis
It is also used when a person is suffers from persistent fever, flu and a common cold. Ibuprofen helps in reducing pain by blocking the natural substances produced in the body that cause inflammation. Blocking these substances, in turn, decreases swelling, pain, or fever in the body. However, if a person is undergoing some kind of treatment such as rheumatoid arthritis, it is necessary to consult a doctor before consuming Ibuprofen in case of pain or discomfort. (2)
The Correct dosage of Ibuprofen
The dosages of Ibuprofen vary with the age of the individuals as well as the condition of the patient.
1. In case of osteoarthritis
If a person is suffering from osteoarthritis, they can have 1200 to 3000 mg/day of ibuprofen. They should not exceed its dosage more than 3200 mg/day. (3)
2. In case of rheumatoid arthritis
If a person is suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, 1200 to 3000 mg of Ibuprofen should be consumed per day.
3. In case of joint pain and cramps
If a person is suffering from pain, they should take only 400 to 800 mg ibuprofen tablet at a time that too within a gap of 6 hours. Ibuprofen tablet can be given orally as well as intravenously. Once the symptoms subside, the person should stop consuming the medicine. (4)
4. In case of a fever
In case of fever, one can consume 400 mg of ibuprofen four times a day within a gap of 6 hours for better results. In the later part of the course, a person can consume 100 mg, 200 mg and 400 mg orally or intravenously per day depending on the health of the individual. However, dosage should not be more than 3200 mg in a day. (5)
Side Effects of Ibuprofen/ Symptoms of Ibuprofen
Ibuprofen can be related to a number of side effects if not taken according to prescription. Given below are some of the side effects of Ibuprofen (6):
- Male Infertility
- Stomach Cramps
- Kidney problem
- Urgency in urinating
- Heartburn and Dizziness
- Visible water retention
- Mood swings
- Abdominal pain
- Ringing in the Ears
- Headache and Unusual tiredness
- Vomiting and Constipation
- Getting irritated or angry
In severe cases, Ibuprofen can also have a negative impact on the following conditions:
- a person’s vision
- anemia levels
- stomach ulcers
- non-menstrual period bleeding
- blood in urine
- canker stone
- chest pain and heart failure
Besides male infertility, regular consumption of ibuprofen can lead to compensated hypogonadism, a rare condition that can lead to erectile dysfunction, depression, loss of muscle and bone mass.
Impact of Ibuprofen on Male Infertility
According to research conducted in the US, it was found that the chances of male infertility levels were higher among men who consume Ibuprofen on a regular basis. Testicular problems were found to be common in men who consume more than 800 mg up to four times a day. Another study has concluded that Ibuprofen can have a potential impact on the pituitary glands. This has a negative effect on the production of testosterone that is the prime male hormone thereby affecting the sperm production. A disorder known as “Compensated Hypogonadism” is commonly seen in those individuals who consume Ibuprofen more than the recommended dosages. (7) (8)
Factors That Can Cause Male Infertility
A number of factors can be responsible for male infertility. Some of the factors, which cause male infertility, are (9):
1. Sperm production problems:
Some men suffer from low sperm production problem, which can be due to chromosomal or genetic disorders, infections, varicocele, radiation damage, medicines and chemicals, torsions and undescended testes. (10)
2. Erection and ejaculatory problems:
Some men can also have an erection or ejaculatory problems, a condition when a man finds it hard to maintain the erection of penis. It can be due to erectile dysfunction, infrequent intercourse, spinal cord injury, and damage to the nerves as well as the spinal cord.
3. Hormonal problems:
If the reproductive hormones of a male are not balanced well in the body, it can also result in male infertility. This can be caused due to anabolic steroid abuse, pituitary hormones problems or congenital lack of LH/FSH.
4. Sperm antibodies:
Sometimes, sperm antibodies occur in men due to procedures like vasectomy, injury or infection in the epidydimis of a man. Sperm antibodies have a negative impact on male fertility.
Prevention of Male Infertility While Using Ibuprofen
In order to prevent infertility while using ibuprofen, one can follow these steps:
1. Firstly, a person needs to reduce the level of consumption of Ibuprofen. A person should consume ibuprofen only in extreme conditions or if there is no alternative available for this type of medication.
2. Self-medication is extremely dangerous, so it is always advisable to consult the doctor if the need for ibuprofen arises.
3. A person must stick to the prescribed doses in order to avoid any kind of side effects associated with ibuprofen in future. In this way, one can effectively reduce the negative effects of Ibuprofen on the body.
The effects of ibuprofen can be avoided if precaution is taken at the right time. Regular checkups are helpful to reduce male fertility levels. Even if Ibuprofen is designed to reduce pain or reduce bothersome inflammation, it is more likely to show indications of testicular related problems. Although male infertility is more common in older men, ibuprofen can negatively affect the pituitary gland among younger men too. The pituitary gland is directly responsible for the necessary production of sperm and testosterone in the male body. If you are required to take ibuprofen more than three days at a time, make sure you consult a doctor in advance for fertility- preserving and check if there is any other alternative available for pain management.
If you are looking for the best gynecologist in Delhi, OVO fertility".com can help you in your search. For complete information on normal delivery, IVF Treatment, Infertility Treatment, Surrogacy treatment, IUI Treatment you can consult OVO fertility. Feel free to call on the given number for any inquiry or advice: +918268260808.
SOURCES AND REFERENCES:
- ^ Ibuprofen Oral : Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures Webmd.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Ibuprofen: Uses, Interactions, and Side Effects | Medical News Today Medicalnewstoday.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Evaluation and Management of Osteoarthritis Medlineplus.gov, 28 August 2019
- ^ Joint Pain: Causes, Home Remedies, and Complications Healthline.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Fever: Symptoms, Treatments, Types, and Causes | Medical News Today Medicalnewstoday.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Common and Rare Side Effects for Ibuprofen Oral | WebMD Webmd.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Ibuprofen Linked to Men is Fertility Problems | WebMD Webmd.com, 28 August 2019
- ^ Ibuprofen Does Not Have an Adverse Impact on Semen Parameters Ncbi.nlm.nih.gov, 28 August 2019
- ^ Male Infertility - Symptoms and Causes | Mayo Clinic. Mayoclinic.org, 28 August 2019
- ^ Low sperm count - Diagnosis and treatment | Mayo Clinic Mayoclinic.org, 28 August 2019
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