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Reasons for undergoing Laparoscopy:

There are specific conditions in which a patient needs to undergo any one of the types of laparoscopy for infertility. A medical specialist advises a patient to go for laparoscopy procedure in some of the following cases:

Therefore, laparoscopy is performed for several cases which determine the overall improved health of the woman. Laparoscopy must be performed at the right time to make sure that the patient receives the desired results which has an positive impact on the health over the time.

Reasons for undergoing Hysteroscopy:

Hysteroscopy is performed as a gynecology procedure to ensure that the patient is able to reap benefits of this procedure in an improved manner. Here are the most common reasons for undergoing Hysteroscopy procedure in patients:

Types of Laparoscopy procedure:

Laparoscopy is divided mainly into two useful types based on the purpose of the procedure:

Diagnostic Laparoscopy:

Diagnostic laparoscopy is a basic type of laparoscopy procedure. This procedure is used for finding out any abnormalities in the uterus and surrounding female reproductive organs. Diagnostic laparoscopy is a very useful medical procedure which is performed in combination with other basic to advanced medical tests. This type of test is also performed when the details of the patient's condition is not yet properly diagnosed with the other types of tests such as x-rays and ultrasound. Once the diagnostic laparoscopy procedure is completed, operative laparoscopy is performed to result in receiving the desired results. (Source: Female Pelvic Laparoscopy, Cleveland Clinic)

Operative Laparoscopy:

Operative laparoscopy is the procedure in which the surgeon performs the surgery to remove the required lesions or abnormal growths in the body of the woman. This ensures that with the useful implementation of the surgery, the symptoms of the patients can be improved. Thus, the patient's overall condition is also improved. Operative laparoscopy is best used in cases of endometriosis or pelvic adhesions. (Source: Operative Laparoscopy, Greenville OB/GYN)

Types of Hysteroscopy procedure:

Diagnostic Laparoscopy:

Diagnostic Hysteroscopy is a basic type of hysteroscopy which is used to evaluate the condition and present status of certain reproductive organs in a woman. The conditions which are detected in this type of hysteroscopy include abnormal uterine bleeding, recurrent miscarriages or infertility cases of patients. Different advanced techniques are used in the hysteroscopy procedure. This includes hysterosalpingogram, pelvic ultrasound, and endometrial biopsy. The use of each of these medical procedures depend on the case of the patient along with complexity of the condition of the patient.

Operative Laparoscopy:

Operative Hysteroscopy is a significant type of hysteroscopy which is performed after diagnosing major issues with the assistance of diagnostic hysteroscopy. The primary difference of operative hysteroscopy from that of diagnostic hysteroscopy is that in operative hysteroscopy the required instruments are inserted into the uterine cavity via a channel which is present in the hysteroscope used in the operation. (Source: Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy,

How to prepare for Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy?

Patients need to follow certain instructions before going ahead with their laparoscopy and hysteroscopy procedure. Here are some of the tips you need to follow for preparation of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy:

Preparation for Laparoscopy procedure:

The medical specialist or laparoscopy surgeon might ask you to take certain precautions before undergoing the procedure. Some of the drugs and supplements need to be changed as per the guidance of the surgeon. These drugs include anticoagulants, NSAIDs, aspirin, and ibuprofen. Even herbal supplements need to be avoided as per the advice of the medical specialist. A range of medical tests need to be performed as these tests will help in the finding the best results along with the usage of laparoscopy procedure. Patients need to make sure that they perform blood tests, urinalysis, electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), and chest x-ray. You need to keep a check on your diet and go for a light and nutritious meal till your laparoscopy procedure for infertility is performed. (Source: Laparoscopy, Healthline)

Preparation for Hysteroscopy procedure:

A patient who is going to undergo hysteroscopy procedure needs to make sure that she is clear of the concept of hysteroscopy procedure. The surgeon will advice the patient to opt for certain steps and measures which will aid in the smooth journey and success of the procedure. Patients need to make sure that pregnant woman do not undergo the hysteroscopy procedure. Therefore, patients need to use contraception to prevent occurrence of pregnancy. Smoking habit needs to be stopped at least 6 to 8 weeks back before the scheduled date of hysteroscopy procedure. This will help in improving the ultimate success rate of the hysteroscopy procedure. If the case of the patient involves removal of fibroids, the size of fibroids need to be brought to a normal size. This will help in removal of the fibroids without facing any complications. In case of hysteroscopy as well, you need to make sure that a nutritious diet is made a routine for the patients.

The preparation of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy procedure must be done such that pregnancy success rates are improved at a significant rate. This concludes that even preparation of the patients for these minimally invasive procedures plays an important role in achieving successful pregnancy. (Source: Hysteroscopy What Happens, NHS)

Risks of Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy:

There are various risks of laparoscopy and hysteroscopy which are considered while going for the procedure:

Procedure of Laparoscopy:

Laparoscopy procedure is performed with the assistance of a series of medical steps. These steps need to be followed in a certain specific way as per the guidance of an experienced laparoscopy surgeon. Laparoscopy for infertility is performed as per the following mentioned guidelines:

This is the series of medical steps which are performed at the fertility centre under the expertise of laparoscopy surgeon. Patients must be aware of the steps performed during the laparoscopy procedure. To ensure that this happens, patients need to talk to their chosen laparoscopy surgeon.

Procedure of Hysteroscopy:

Hysteroscopy procedure is performed under the guidance of a hysteroscopy surgeon who is well-experienced in performing the procedure with required expertise and fetching the desired results for the patients. This medical procedure can be performed in the doctor's clinic or in advanced hospital. Here are the common steps which are performed in the hysteroscopy procedure.

These are the steps which are performed in the procedure of hysteroscopy. Each of the steps are performed in a sequence to make sure that the desired results are achieved after the completion of the hysteroscopy procedure. The success of the laparoscopy and hysteroscopy depends on the expertise of the respective surgeon as well. This makes it important for patients to get treated with an experienced and recognized surgeon specializing in the chosen medical procedure. Patients going for minimally invasive surgeries such as hysteroscopy and laparoscopy need to make sure that they have a family member or friend with them throughout the procedure. This will provide them with required emotional strength for the procedure. Even after the completion of the procedure, one needs to take proper care of their health to ensure a speedy recovery from the procedure. In some of the cases, patients might feel pain which can be dealt with timely intake of medications as per the advice of the respective surgeon. Activities such as sex or strenuous activities must be avoided till 2 weeks after the procedure was performed.

Recovery time of Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy:

The recovery time of the patient after undergoing laparoscopy procedure depends on the complications associated with the respective patient. In most of the cases, the recovery time averages around 6 weeks. Patients need to stay in constant contact with the laparoscopic surgeon to receive expert guidance on the precautions to be followed after the laparoscopy procedure. This will assist in taking the right steps while trying to achieve a speedy recovery rate after the completion of laparoscopy procedure. (Source: What you should know about Hysteroscopy, MedicalNewsToday)

Pregnancy success rates:

There is an significant increase in the number of cases which have resulted into successful pregnancies after laparoscopy procedure was performed. On an average, there was an increase of around 25% to 35% in most of the cases. This clearly indicates that there are no negative effects of laparoscopy on the occurrence of pregnancy. In fact, in most of the cases, laparoscopy has also contributed to a great extent in improving the overall success rates of pregnancy.

Cost of Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy:

The cost of laparoscopy in India ranges from Rs. 33,000 to Rs. 71,000 based on the expertise of the laparoscopic surgeon and severity of the case of the patient. The cost of hysteroscopy in India varies from Rs. 16,700 to Rs. 52,000. The final cost of the procedure depends on various factors. These factors include the expertise of the surgeon along with utilization of technology and equipments for achieving the success of the respective procedure. Before finalizing and signing up with these minimally invasive procedures, it is important to know about the different features and aspects of this medical procedure. (Source: Fair Treatment Cost, ovohealth)

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